Leonardo A. Quisumbing (born November 6, 1939) is an incumbent Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He was appointed to the Court by President Fidel Ramos in 1998 and currently ranks as the most senior Associate Justice in the Court.
Hailing from Masbate, Masbate, Quisumbing graduated Valedictorian of the Masbate High School in 1959. He was a prominent campus figure as an undergraduate student at the Manuel L. Quezon University, where he edited The Quezonian, graduated magna cum laude, A.B. Journalism, and as a law student at the University of the Philippines. While at U.P., he was the President of the University Student Council, the President of the Student Councils Association of the Philippines, and an editor of the Philippine Collegian. He earned his law degree from the U.P. College of Law in 1966. He placed 12th in the 1966 Bar Examinations and he pursued post-graduate studies at Cornell University, New York, obtaining a Master of Laws degree and he was a NEC-AID Scholarship grantee. Quisumbing was a member of the National Debating Team to Australia that won the Wilmot Cup. On a Fulbright Youth Leader grant, he visited Harvard, Columbia, Georgetown, and other universities. He was also a delegate to the 11th International Student Conference in 1965 at Christchurch, New Zealand.
Quisumbing started as Technical assistant at the Office of the Executive Secretary (Rafael M. Salas) in 1965, and then, Assistant state counsel, Department of Justice from 1966 to 1968. After a stint in private practice from 1968 to 1983, Quisumbing joined the administration of President Corazon Aquino as Senior executive assistant to the defense minister, Department of National Defense in 1986 and Undersecretary for the Department of National Defense in 1987. During the administration of Fidel Ramos, he would first serve as Senior Deputy Executive Secretary in 1993, then, Acting executive secretary, Office of the President on December, in 1994and Officer-in-charge, Office of the Executive Secretary, Office of the President, Malacañan on September, 1995, before being appointed as Secretary of the Department of Labor and Employment from 1996 to January, 1998. It was from the DOLE that he was appointed to the Supreme Court on January 27, 1998 by Ramos. Before his present appointment, he also held the rank of Commodore of the Philippine Coast Guard, 106th Auxiliary Squadron.
He was Lecturer of the Philippine College of Commerce (now Polytechnic University of the Philippines); College of Law, University of the Philippines from 1977 to 1989. He also served briefly as dean at Northwestern University. For his academic and government service, he received the Presidential Order of Merit award, a Ph.D. honoris causa from Pangasinan University and a doctorate degree in public administration from P.U.P.
Justice Quisumbing had special training in Management of Public Agencies at Cornell Graduate School; Research at Georgetown University; Communications at Michigan State University; and Public Sector Negotiations at Harvard University. While serving as a trade union officer, he attended international law and labor conferences in Geneva, Moscow, Beijing and Jakarta.
His published works include: Constitutional Control of the Election Process; Compensation in Land Reform Cases, Comparative Public Law Study; Asean Comparative Law (Vol. IV ed., Corporation Law) in the EEC and Asean, Two Regional Experiences; Law on Taxation in the Philippines; Labor Law and Jurisprudence (1992-1998); and Access to Justice, a lecture delivered before the 1993 Asean Law Association Conference in Singapore.
Quisumbing is married to Dr. Purificacion Valera Quisumbing, the present Chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights. They have two children: Josefa Lourdes and Cecilia Rachel.
Known as an activist, Quisumbing had a long record of union service since the 1970s. He was the former Chairman of the Confederation of Industry Unions of the Philippines, (CINUP), former president of the National Alliance of Teachers and Allied Workers (NATAW), and former secretary-general of the Lakas Manggagawa Labor Center (LMLC).
- Name : Leonardo A. Quisumbing
- Birthday : November 6, 1939
- Birthplace : Masbate City, Masbate
- Schools Attended :
- Valedictorian, Masbate High School (1959)
- Manuel L. Quezon University
- Magna cum laude, A.B. Journalism, University of the Philippines
- Law degree,U.P. College of Law (1966)
- Post-graduate studies, Master of Laws, Cornell University, New York
- Spouse : Dr. Purificacion Valera Quisumbing
- Children : 2
- Josefa Lourdes
- Cecilia Rachel
- Associate Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court, Incumbent (January 27, 1998)
- Secretary, Department of Labor and Employment (1996 to January, 1998)
- Acting and Officer-in-charge, Office of the Executive Secretary, Office of the President, Malacañan (1995)
- Executive secretary, Office of the President (December, in 1994)
- Senior Deputy Executive Secretary (1993)
- Undersecretary, Department of National Defense (1987)
- Senior executive assistant to the defense minister, Department of National Defense ( 1986)
- Lecturer of the Philippine College of Commerce (now Polytechnic University of the Philippines); College of Law, University of the Philippines (1977 to 1989)
- Assistant state counsel, Department of Justice (1966 to 1968)
- Technical assistant at the Office of the Executive Secretary (Rafael M. Salas) (1965)
- Dean, Northwestern University
Some notable opinions
- Cojuangco v. Sandiganbayan (1998) — on constitutional right of accused to speedy trial
- Samson v. Aguirre (1999) — on constitutionality of law creating a city of Novaliches
- Cyanamid Phil. v. CA (2000) — on taxability of improperly accumulated profits or surplus
- Tijing v. CA (2001) — on admissibility of DNA evidence
- People v. Mojello (2004) – Dissenting Opinion — on right of an accused to an independent counsel of his own choice (joined by J. Vitug and Tinga)
- MIAA v. Airspan Corp. (2004) — on authority of MIAA to increase airport rental fees
- Poe v. Macapagal-Arroyo (2005) — on dismissal of election protest against President Arroyo on account of the death of Protestant Fernando Poe, Jr.
- Republic v. Orbecido (2005) — on right to remarry of a Filipino after being divorced by a formerly-Filipino spouse who had obtained foreign citizenship
- Henares, Jr. v. LTFRB (2006) — on mandamus as a means to compel the use of compressed natural gas in jeepneys and other public utility motor vehicles